Articles Tagged with: pattern baldness

Progressive Pattern Hair Loss Explained

Progressive Pattern Hair LossThe end result of hair loss is the same for everybody: hair that winds up on the shower floor, stuck in a brush, on your pillow, or pretty much anywhere other than your scalp. But how that hair falls out, where it falls out, and why it falls out can vary from person to person. People lose and shed their hair for different reasons, and those reasons will play a role in how baldness or thinning hair will manifest itself.

There are two primary hair loss patterns experienced by both men and women: progressive and diffuse. Understanding the differences between the two can help you identify your hair loss problem earlier and guide you as you seek options for stopping further loss and restoring your hair to a fuller, natural state.

Progressive Pattern Hair Loss

Accounting for over 95 percent of hair loss cases, progressive pattern baldness, also known as androgenetic alopecia, is a hereditary condition that causes hair miniaturization. This phenomenon causes hair follicles to become thinner and finer each time they progress through the growth cycle. Eventually, the follicles cease to grow at all and fall out.

Progressive pattern hair loss follows a familiar and predictable course. In men, it starts with shedding in the front of the scalp above the forehead that causes the hairline to recede gradually. This progresses to more noticeable hair loss across the top of the head, and finally toward the crown. In women, androgenetic alopecia acts differently, occurring throughout the scalp rather than in specific, isolated areas as it does in men.

Men are more likely to notice and experience pattern baldness earlier than women. 25 percent of American men see symptoms of male pattern baldness before the age of 21, approximately 66 percent of men suffer some degree of hair loss by age 35, and 85 percent of men see significant thinning related to androgenetic alopecia by age 50. About 40 percent of women experience pattern baldness but may not see any signs of thinning hair until the age of 50 or 60, long after the shedding starts.

Diffuse Hair Loss

As opposed to pattern baldness, which you can blame on your genes, diffuse hair loss is usually caused by environmental factors such as stress, hormonal imbalances, or trauma. These issues cause a condition called telogen effluvium in which hair follicles are shocked into a resting state. Since the follicles are not actively producing more hair to replace normal shedding, the thinning occurs in a diffuse pattern throughout the scalp. If the factors which are causing the thinning can be addressed and resolved, the follicles often return to their normal healthy state and fully regrow without surgical intervention.

If You See the First Signs of Hair Loss, Take the First Step Towards Fixing It

No matter how your hair loss issues become apparent, the first step towards fixing the problem is arranging for a comprehensive hair loss evaluation. Early detection, diagnosis, and treatment provide the best chance of stopping further hair loss and restoring the hair you’ve lost.  Schedule an appointment with the Hair Transplant Institute of Miami today by calling us at 305.925.0222. We look forward to assisting you.

3 Surprising Causes of Hair Loss

What is Autumn Hair Loss?Many hair loss conditions stem from genetics, particularly in cases of male pattern baldness, or androgenic alopecia. On the other hand, environmental and lifestyle choices can cause thinning and shedding throughout the scalp and across the body. Many of these hair loss cases are completely preventable, but diagnosing what might be promoting hair loss is key to overcoming and reversing the issue.

Consider the following three unexpected causes of hair loss:

  1. Stress

Psychological problems do not damage your internal wellbeing alone. Stress can lead to physical problems, including weight loss, weight gain and hair loss. Overproduction of stress hormones promotes adrenal fatigue, which occurs from the overproduction of cortisol in the body. The adrenal glands release high amounts of cortisol and under produce other necessary hormones like aldosterone and androgens, resulting in thinning or balding hair. To eliminate unnecessary stress in your everyday life, stick to a routine. Get adequate sleep each night by setting a stringent bed time, even on the weekends. Exercise can also help relieve some of the mental anguish that stress causes, leaving you feeling a little lighter and brighter each day. Don’t forget to take time for yourself, whether you want to read a book, walk the dogs or relax at the beach. 

  1. Poor Diet

Vitamins and minerals are essential to ensuring the human body works correctly, including hair production. Without adequate nutrients, circulation and oxygen levels at the scalp are compromised. An unhealthy or extremely low-calorie diet may trigger temporary or long-term hair loss, so keeping track of what you choose to consume is important. Ensure you’re getting enough protein, the primary macronutrient for strong hair, through fish and low-fat chicken. Vitamin E, vitamin C and biotin work to maintain healthy strands, promoting blood circulation, delivering antioxidants and boosting strength. Furthermore, zinc, magnesium and iron are essential minerals for hormonal balance and suitable hair growth.

  1. Illness

Sickness puts strain on the body and deters its proper functions, and hair loss or deterioration can be an early warning sign of other well-being concerns. Thyroid dysfunction, in particular, is one illness that causes follicles to shut down and results in thinning or shedding at the scalp. Lupus, an autoimmune disorder, often results in brittle or broken hairs above the forehead. Hodgkin’s lymphoma, a type of cancer, can cause hair loss. Hair loss is also common in patients suffering from HIV, myotonic dystrophy, sarcoidosis and other chronic illnesses. Sometimes, hair loss can be the first clue to another more serious health problem, so keeping an eye on your scalp health betters your odds of early illness detection.

Luckily for most, hair loss is a treatable condition. For more information on re-growing hair lost by stress, illness or poor diet, contact the Hair Transplant Institute of Miami at 305-925-0222 today.

 

Safe Hairstyles for Long Hair

Can Chlorine Cause Hair LossGrowing hair long and strong can take years and determination, and caring for your lengthy locks is key. With long hair, you may be tempted to pull strands back from the face. However, many slicked-back up-do’s cause tension on follicles. Over time, this tension and strain can lead to follicle shock and traction alopecia, which disrupts the natural cycle of growth. This condition is one of many that manifests as thinning or shedding hair.

Everyone needs to tie their hair back once in a while, but traction alopecia prevention is important. Consider the following tips to create a safe hairstyle for long hair without thinning or shedding:

  • Loose Buns and Ponytails

If you want to pull your hair from the nape of your neck on a hot summer day or during exercise, opt for a loose bun. Avoid sharp bobby pins and rubber hair ties for a more natural, soft look. If you have heavier hair, pull strands back into a low bun or ponytail so the added lifted weight does not put additional strain on the scalp.

  • Beach Waves

Summer might be over, but beach waves are a good look any time of year. Put away the curling iron and let hair dry naturally to showcase your natural curls. To tame tresses, use an anti-frizz serum or natural oil that looks in moisture and gives hair a lustrous sheen. If you have naturally straight hair, you can still achieve soft waves without hot hair tools. Let strands dry in loose pig tail braids or a French braid overnight. In the morning, you’ll be left with soft, bohemian waves that can transition easily from the office to a night on the town.

  • Braids

When you’re a kid, pigtail braids are all the rage. As an adult, you can still incorporate braids into your everyday style without looking immature. French braids are both sophisticated and sleek, but keep weaves loose to avoid drawing tension to the scalp. You can also wrap a crown braid around your hairline for a chic, pulled back look without using a tense hairband.

Let your long locks flow naturally once in a while to de-stress follicles and encourage hair health. If you must use styling tools, limit heat exposure to special occasions or weekends instead of styling after each wash. Don’t forget the importance of a high-quality conditioner (free of sulfates) or intensive hair mask that keep locks moisturized and healthy throughout the dry winter season.

Hair Transplant Myths, Debunked

Does Balding Negatively Affect Work Life?Contrary to popular belief, hair transplant surgeries are not as obvious as they were in the past. Long gone are the days of obvious hair plugs and embarrassing surgical scars. With modern technology and advancements in the field, hair restoration surgery can be done under minimally invasive conditions for streamlined and natural-looking results.

Although hair transplants are increasingly popular among patients suffering from male pattern baldness and other hair loss conditions, there are still many falsities and misconceptions about the practice. In order to debunk some of these hair transplant myths, consider how we’ve helped revamp the practice:

  1. Scars are Obvious

While linear scars were more noticeable in the early days of hair transplant surgery, technology has helped the professionals eliminate obvious post-surgical blemishes. Nowadays, patients may see light scarring that is easily covered when hair at the donor site regrows. At the Hair Transplant Institute of Miami, our surgeons make minimal scarring a priority in strip donor procedures. Dr. Paul Rose developed the Ledge Closure technique which helps direct hair at the wound site to grow through the scar line, virtually concealing any indications of a past surgery. This leaves patients happier with their overall results and more confident in showing off their fuller locks.

  1. Surgery = Plugs

Hair transplant surgery received a poor reputation in its early stages, when procedures worked to fill in balding but often resulted in an obvious plug-like look. Today, however, hair plugs are a thing of the past. We’ve replaced these former practices with advanced procedures that leave virtually no signs of transplant, just natural-looking regrowth. In fact, hair transplants are barely recognizable among the general public, so you can stay discreet with your hair loss history. In a 2010 study from the International Society of Hair Restoration, 85 percent of Americans could not identify a hair transplant patient.

  1. The Process is Painful

Most hair transplants do not involve much pain and only require local anesthesia to numb the surgical site. Some patients experience discomfort during the injections, but much of the ache is relieved by an oral sedative. Once the scalp is numb, patients won’t feel much of anything during the procedure itself. After the surgery, taking care of your scalp carefully for optimal results is key. Brushing or washing vigorously can damage the natural scabbing process, so be as gentle as possible in the few days following surgery. With follicular unit grafting, our surgeons shampoo and check healing the day after surgery. Overall, healing time can vary by person and individual health factors. Typically, patients are ready to be out and about a week after the operation with no discomfort. If you have a big event approaching, try to schedule your hair transplant surgery at least one month in advance to ensure scabbing and swelling has time to subside. 

Hair restoration is still a nuanced field and many patients don’t know what to expect in the early stages. But, for qualified candidates, new technologies make transplants relatively easy, effective and discreet. To schedule your consultation and determine if you can benefit from hair transplant surgery, contact the Hair Transplant Institute of Miami at 305-925-0222.

Short-Term Hair Loss Solutions

Short-term hair loss solutionsHair loss compromises self-image, confidence and emotional well-being. However, being proactive by scheduling a hair transplant, using topical treatments, taking prescription medications or undergoing low-level laser therapy (LLLT) is a step in the right direction. While the aforementioned therapies are typically successful, growth does not happen overnight. In the meantime, patients have a few options to limit the appearance of hair loss while waiting for restoration treatments to take effect.

Hairpieces or Wigs

Wigs are a fun way to express your style. For hair loss patients, wigs might be necessary to keep up appearance and avoid embarrassment, depending on the individual’s sentiments about their condition. Many women spend years growing and grooming their hair long, strong and shiny, making excessive thinning especially upsetting. While wigs are typically safe, extensions, especially the temporary clip-in kind, are not recommended. These styles put excessive strain on the follicle at a time when follicle health is vital.

Keratin Hair Fibers

Hair fibers are used to conceal diffuse thinning at the root. These small particles provide instant coverage for a fast and convenient fix. After cleaning and styling hair, lightly sprinkle fibers over the thinning area. Then, lightly pat hair until the fibers blend in with your roots. Make sure to comb hair before use, as bristles can loosen the fibers from their place on your scalp. 

Hats and Coverings

Many patients suffering from thinning or balding locks rely on hats to conceal their conditions. Did you know you can wear a hat to conceal hair loss while treating your condition simultaneously? With the Capillus272™, a small insert containing laser diodes is placed underneath your favorite sun or baseball cap. From there, just wear the portable, battery-powered device for 30 minutes, 3-4 times per week. Cool (and safe) laser technology nourishes inactive follicles and promotes circulation to encourage growth.

Hair loss doesn’t have to put you into hiding. With a few simple steps, camouflaging your hair loss temporarily recuperates confidence earlier and can even expedite the growth process. For more information on permanent hair loss solutions with Miami Hair, such as transplant surgery, contact us at 305-925-0222.

Can LLLT Help Hair Transplant Success?

Choosing a Hair Transplant ProcedureLow-level laser therapy, also called LLLT, is used often in conjunction with hair restoration surgeries. While LLLT has been shown to work alone, laser therapy cannot completely reverse a balding area on its own. Instead, individuals suffering from severe male-pattern baldness opt to use both treatments to increase their success.

What is LLLT?

Low-level laser therapy is a non-surgical treatment used to treat hair loss. With consistent, long-term use, patients can expect their hair to increase in volume and thickness. LLLT is especially beneficial for women with diffuse hair loss who aren’t candidates for surgery or prescription medication.

LLLT nourishes follicles by sending pulses of energy into inactive follicles. This process is said to “spark” the follicle back into its regrowth phase after it stops working properly. Using LLLT prompts proper circulation and cellular respiration to restore cell function.

Post-surgery, LLLT helps bring blood, oxygen, and nutrients to balding areas, promoting stronger effects. Although hair transplants are often successful on their own, some follicles are stubborn at re-entering the growth cycle. LLLT provides the extra push that these follicles need to get back to business. Since hair loss is a progressive, long-term condition, undergoing long-term treatment after a hair restoration surgery can limit additional thinning as well.

How is Laser Therapy Implemented?

Patients can undergo low-level laser therapy through a few different methods. Laser domes, laser combs, and laser caps. Laser domes are professional pieces of equipment that require a visit to the doctor to receive treatment. Laser combs have limitations since treatment is performed primarily at-home and the application is cumbersome. Laser caps, on the other hand, are portable, hands-free, and effective.

The Hair Transplant Institute of Miami offers the Capillus272 laser cap, a device cleared by the FDA for the treatment of androgenetic alopecia. Capillus272 caps have 272 professional-strength lasers to make it the most powerful at-home device for thinning hair.

For more information on LLLT as part of your hair restoration treatment plan, contact us today.

Fast Facts for National Hair Loss Awareness Month

August is National Hair Loss MonthSummer is still (technically) in full swing, but the final full month of the season is especially important for men and women with shedding or balding locks. August is National Hair Loss Awareness Month, and to encourage awareness both within and outside of the community, the Hair Transplant Institute of Miami has compiled the following facts about hair loss:

  • The American Hair Loss Association says over 95 percent of hair loss patients are men.
  • Upon reaching the age of 50, about 85 percent of men show obvious signs of thinning.
  • An estimated 40 percent of Americans who experience hair loss are women.
  • According to an International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery (ISHRS) study, 112,409 surgical hair restoration procedures were performed in the United States in 2014.
  • The average age of respondents in the ISHRS study in 2014 was 49 years old.

Facing your fears and scheduling an appointment with a hair loss physician is the first step in the right direction to getting your hair back. With a personalized consultation, your doctor can develop a treatment plan to help you regain your former confidence and overall vigor.

Dr. Bernard Nusbaum and Dr. Paul Rose are two highly-qualified and recognized hair loss specialists in South Florida. Together, the Hair Transplant Institute of Miami can help you plan your hair restoration journey before it progresses further.

Dr. Nusbaum has performed more than 10,000 separate hair transplant procedures over the past two decades, acts as a Diplomate of the American Board of Dermatology and is a former President of the American Board of Hair Restoration Surgery.

Dr. Rose has over 20 years of experience and is a well-known leader in hair loss transplants, writing research-based articles and participating in clinical trials for innovative and industry-changing techniques. Dr. Rose was previously the President and Board Member of ISHRS. He currently serves on the Board of Trustees at the Hair Foundation.

How Do Hair Restoration Techniques Differ?

How do different hair restoration techniques work?When implementing hair restoration surgery, physicians will opt for techniques that provide the most natural, optimal results. In the modern era of hair loss restoration, multiple methods exist to help patients achieve their aesthetic hair goals.

Mosaic Hair Restoration

Often, hair restoration surgeons opt for predetermined zones composed of one, two or three hair follicles to extract. But, follicular units contain varying numbers of hairs, and certainly aren’t limited to the scalp alone. Follicular units actually have a mixed configuration. No two patients have exactly similar hair follicle patterns, which is why Mosaic Hair Restoration allows for a more personalized approach. Mosaic Hair Restoration replicates the unique follicular unit arrangement pattern at the recipient area, rather than applying a one-size-fits-all approach. In order to best carry out the process, surgeons at the Hair Transplant Institute of Miami take hair from multiple donor sites and analyze the arrangements to determine the best implantation pattern for each patient.

Follicular Isolation Technique

Follicular Isolation Technique (FIT), also called Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE) is another popular process. Because hairs grow in follicular units, consisting of one to four hair follicles each, FIT involves removing a group of follicles (in one unit) with a one millimeter punch device. The donor hairs are isolated with a head positioning device developed by Dr. Rose. With FIT, linear scars aren’t readily visible and the donor area tends to heal faster as compared to other surgical methods. This allows individuals to wear shorter hairstyles without worrying about unconcealed scars. FIT is best on young men who don’t require many grafts who also plan to wear short hairstyles in the future. It’s also a great practice for patients with limited donor areas that aren’t good candidates for further strip harvesting.

Follicular Unit Grafting

Follicular Unit Grafting (FUG) transfers entire follicular units from the permanent donor zone on the back of the scalp to the balding areas. This is referred to as single strip harvesting and requires donor tissue to be removed in one piece. FUG keeps follicular units intact and prevents damage to the individual hair follicles for increased growth. The LEDGE closure technique developed by Dr. Rose is a virtually non-scarring method to minimize donor strip site visibility. It can be used in Follicular Unit Grafting procedures with a single layer closure to minimizes tissue trauma.

Microscopic Dissection

Microscopic Dissection involves donor tissue via single-strip harvesting being separated into individual follicular units with a stereo-microscope. The bald skin surrounding each follicular unit is removed to allow for a tiny graft. Compared to non-microscopic techniques, this process increases the number of follicular units and hair as much as 25 percent. The biggest benefit with microscopic dissection is small recipient sites, as the bald tissue is removed and doesn’t need to be transplanted unnecessarily.

To discuss your personalized hair restoration plan and determine which surgical technique might work best for you, contact Dr. Nusbaum and Dr. Rose toll-free at (877) 443-9070.

 

New Study Identifies JAK Enzyme Inhibitor as Possible Hair Loss Cure

New Study Identifies JAK Enzyme Inhibitor as Possible Hair Loss Cure In a new study published by researchers at Columbia University, scientists believe they may have found an enzyme that controls hair growth. These enzymes are part of the Janus kinase, or JAK, family. In studies conducted with laboratory mice, researchers found that rapid hair growth could be achieved simply by inhibiting the JAK family of enzymes.

“What we’ve found is promising, though we haven’t yet shown it’s a cure for pattern baldness,” said Dr. Christiano in a news story published by Columbia University. “More work needs to be done to test if JAK inhibitors can induce hair growth in humans using formulations specially made for the scalp.”

Although it is uncertain whether or not “JAK inhibitor” hair restoration procedures will ever be available to hair loss sufferers, other treatments are available to patients in the form of topical foams, prescription medications, and laser therapy. Each of these non-surgical treatments focuses on preventing hair follicles from slipping into a “resting” phase, which is similar to the way JAK enzyme inhibition was found to promote new hair growth. By preventing hair follicles from becoming dormant—and hopefully reawakening those that are already asleep—these treatments aim to stop the progression of hair loss by improving hair follicle health so a natural growth cycle can be maintained.

Hair Follicle Health: Before & After Surgery

Hair loss is a progressive life long disease, so it’s important to understand how your condition may change over time. Every patient experiences a unique (though somewhat predictable) pattern of hair loss, which will ultimately affect the nuances of how and when a hair transplant will be performed. For many patients, supplementary treatments may prove helpful in preventing the progression of hair loss in the days and weeks before hair transplant surgery.

“We recommend a complement to hair transplant surgery,” explains Dr. Bernard Nusbaum. “And finasteride, minoxidil as well as laser therapy with Capillus products are an excellent option. These treatments can be used singly, or in combination.”

The Hair Transplant Institute also offers laser therapy with the Capillus272™ OfficePro. This unit is located on-site, and is recommended for use during the first days after hair transplant surgery. “Within two weeks after surgery, laser therapy with the Capillus272 Office Pro is utilized to enhance healing and speed post-procedure recovery.”

Reducing Scalp Trauma to Maintain Follicle Health

Most patients are familiar with the goal of a hair transplant procedure: To extract donor hair from a healthy area of scalp so it can be transplanted to the area(s) suffering from excessive hair loss, thinning, or balding (commonly referred to as the “restoration area”). However, many are unfamiliar with a second goal that is of equal importance. While performing a hair transplant, surgeons must minimize scalp trauma to ensure each transplanted hair follicle survives and thrives in the restoration area.

A new study co-authored by the Hair Transplant Institute’s lead surgeon, Dr. Paul Rose, reveals a new approach to follicular unit extraction (FUE) that may reduce scalp trauma by more than 21%. The new technique promises several key benefits, including:

  • Accelerated healing process
  • Reduced appearance of post operative scars
  • Minimizing of any potential blood loss

Readers are invited to learn more about reducing scalp trauma during hair transplant surgery.

Comprehensive Hair Loss Evaluation and Treatment at Miami Hair

At Hair Transplant Institute of Miami, we are always searching for ways to safely improve our patients’ experience with new technologies, advanced procedures, and exceptional results. We invite readers to contact us online or call our clinic directly at 877-443-9070 to learn more about comprehensive hair loss evaluation and treatment with South Florida’s top surgeons.

5 Hair Thickening Nutrients Every Man Should Consider

5 Hair Thickening Nutrients Every Man Should ConsiderMany men are surprised to learn that pattern baldness is a lifelong, progressive disease. Early diagnosis is the fastest way toward a fuller and more effective treatment. Before hair loss is noticeable, consider improving your diet with the following experimental herbs and roots for thicker hair.

An important note: The effectiveness of these herbs and roots is supported by mostly anecdotal evidence (derived from experience, rather than clinical trials). For a clinically proven solution to hair loss prevention and treatment, please skip to the Clinically Proven Ways to Improve Hair Thickness section below.

Experimental Herbs & Roots for Thicker Hair

  1. Ho Shou Wu

Ho Shou Wu is a Chinese root derived from the knotweed vine. Typically, it is sold in either a dried or powdered form. Hou shou wu is known among Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) practitioners for encouraging thicker hair growth, though this claim is largely anecdotal.

  1. Rose Water

This aromatic liquid is derived from a unique rose petal distillation process. It is high in antioxidants as well as anti-inflammatory properties, making it a double threat when it comes to preventing hair from thinning and shedding. 

  1. Pearl Powder

As the name suggests, this powder is derived from crushing authentic pearls. Pearl powder is rich in amino acids and other enzymes that are known to help cells grow. Most anecdotal evidence suggests pearl powder may improve skin health, though some say this benefit also improves hair thickness.

  1. Turmeric

This root is yellow in color, and you can find it either freshly sliced or powdered. TCM practitioners use turmeric as an anti-inflammatory, which might have benefits from a hair health perspective. By reducing inflammation, turmeric might help to improve blood flow across the scalp, in turn helping hair follicles to receive an adequate amount of blood, oxygen, and growth factors regularly.

  1. Burdock Root

Burdock Root is a thick brown root of the Burdock plant, available in dried or powdered form. Among natural healers, burdock root is best known for helping to reduce itchiness, dryness, and oily skin. This might be a byproduct of the root’s naturally high levels of antioxidants and antibacterial properties, which may also help to prevent hair follicle miniaturization.

Clinically Proven Ways to Improve Hair Thickness

Rogaine® (Minoxidil)

Rogaine® is perhaps the most widely recognized nonsurgical hair loss treatment, available over-the-counter (without prescription) at most drug stores. The foam is applied twice daily, directly to the scalp. To learn more, visit this page on hair loss drugs.

Propecia® (Finasteride)

Propecia® is another well known nonsurgical hair loss treatment, though it is available for use by men only. This prescription medication is taken daily to prevent the progression of hair loss. To learn more, visit this page on hair loss drugs.

Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT

Low level laser therapy is the newest nonsurgical method of hair restoration, using cool laser technology to stimulate the scalp, improve blood flow, and encourage naturally thicker hair. We are pleased to offer the Capillus272™ Pro to our patients, a leading laser therapy cap that is cleared by the FDA and known to improve hair counts by 51% (during clinical trials).

Learn More About Hair Loss Prevention

Do not wait until hair loss becomes a source of anxiety and shame. Learn more about hair loss prevention and treatment at the Hair Transplant Institute of Miami. Our clinic represents South Florida’s most experienced team of surgeons, microscopists, and staff.

For more information, contact us online or by phone at 305-925-0222.

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