Articles Tagged with: hair grafting
What Is a Hair Graft and How Is It Created?

What Is a Hair Graft and How Is It Created?

In hair restoration surgery, we transplant living, healthy follicles from your donor area – usually the back and sides of your scalp – into thinning areas. These follicles comprise the “grafts” that are at the core of hair transplant surgery.

Strip Graft Harvesting v. One-At-A-Time

We form hair grafts by removing tissue from the donor area because that tissue can support hair growth. We then take that viable tissue and the follicles that they contain and carefully transplant them to areas of the scalp that no longer support hair growth on their own.

There are two main techniques for creating, harvesting, and transplanting hair grafts. When using the Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT), the surgeon will remove strips of tissue containing many follicles and transplant that strip all at once. In Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE), however, the grafts are harvested one by one. The surgeons at the Miami Hair Institute were pioneers of the FUE technique, which has now become a worldwide approach to hair restoration.

How We Create, Preserve, and Transplant Grafts Using FUE

During an FUE procedure, we use high-resolution digital imaging to identify, select, and remove grafts with extraordinary care and precision. The objective is to harvest grafts with the best chance of growing in the transplant area and leave most of the donor area hair in place and undisturbed so that it retains its natural look.

Given that goal, we try to remove as few grafts as possible to achieve the desired result. Equally important, we want as many grafts as possible to survive the extraction and transplant process. If removed grafts are not preserved in the most effective manner possible, they could lose their viability, leaving even fewer grafts available for transplantation.

Keeping hair follicle cells from dying during that period between removal and transplantation involves storing the hair in a preservative solution. We use a HypoThermosol + ATP solution in our hair transplant procedures because it provides the highest possible survival rate of the grafts and follicles we extract until they are ready to be transplanted. It is part of our ongoing commitment to using the most advanced techniques in hair restoration to help our patients achieve optimal results.

FUE transplants have a 90-95 percent hair graft survival rate compared to the older FUT method’s approximately 75 percent survival rate. The precision harvesting of FUE minimizes trauma or transection of the grafts during the harvesting process.

Schedule an Appointment for a Hair Loss Evaluation Today

If you are ready to take the first step towards addressing your hair loss issues, we invite you to schedule a personalized evaluation at the Miami Hair Institute. Our Drs. Nusbaum and Rose are internationally acclaimed hair restoration surgeons with more than 40 years of combined experience. To receive a personalized evaluation and treatment plan, contact us online or call our office directly at 305-925-0222.

All About Hair Grafts

Surgical hair transplant has long relied on the use of hair grafts to restore areas of balding scalp with natural waves of full, real hair. The history of hair grafts can be traced back to as early as 1930s, Japan. There, scientists experimented with the first primitive hair grafts and hair restoration techniques. It was not until the middle of the century— nearly two decades later— that the practice of hair grafting would first appear in the Western world.

The very first hair graft tools and procedures were introduced to Americans in the late 1950s by a New York dermatologist, Dr. Norman Orentreich. Medical researchers say this marked the onset of the modern era of hair transplant, a movement that ultimately culminates with the invention of advanced “hair transplant robots” that assist in today’s procedures.

Grafting Procedures

Generally speaking, hair grafts are used during most hair transplant procedures. These procedures might be performed in a variety of different ways. To illustrate, let’s examine the 3 most popular types of hair grafting procedures in Miami: Strip donor transplant, follicular unit transplant, and new robotic FUE transplant.

1. Strip donor transplant

The strip donor transplant requires the extraction of a long, narrow strip of scalp from the donor area. Sometimes referred to as a linear graft, this section of scalp is very small and nearly painless to remove after the application of a local anesthetic.

The linear graft produced during a strip donor hair transplant may vary in size according to individual patient needs. Typically, the strip of donor hair contains 30-40 hair grafts. Following extraction, surgeons carefully separate the strip into individual micrografts (clusters of about 3-4 hairs each). These hair grafts are then transplanted by hand to complete the surgical hair restoration procedure. They can be used to create a natural looking hairline, fill in areas around the temples, or reconstruct the crown.

2. Follicular unit transplantation

Like the strip donor procedure outlined above, the follicular unit transplantation procedure requires the extraction of hair grafts from a donor area. Unlike strip donor procedures, however, FUT procedures do not extract a linear strip of donor hair. Instead, a small punch-like instrument is used to extract individual micrografts directly from the scalp. These micrografts contain clusters of 3-4 donor hairs each, which are similarly transplanted by the surgeon to recreate a patient’s hairline, temporal regions, and/or crown.

FUT offers a few key benefits over traditional strip donor procedures, the most notable of which is the ability to leave the donor area nearly scar-free. While strip donor procedures leave a small linear scar that is sometimes visible when hair is cut very short, FUT procedures leave only reddish colored dots at the site of each micrograft extraction. These marks are nearly invisible to the naked eye, allowing the patient to wear his or her hair very short after the procedure is performed.

 3. Robotic FUE

The newest trend in hair transplant technology, robotic FUE systems are making headlines for bringing higher speeds and greater precision to the art of hair transplant.

With the assistance of advanced digital imaging and robotics technology, surgeons are now able to identify and extract specific hair micrografts in a more comfortable and minimally invasive way. This reduces trauma to the scalp, speeds the procedure, and ultimately improves patient experience. What’s more, these new hair transplant robots survey the entire donor area to ensure hair grafts are selected in a random fashion that helps to maintain the thickness, density, and scalp health.

Learn more about robotic FUE technology by visiting our ARTAS® Miami page.

Learn More About Hair Grafting

Millions of men and women suffer with the personal and social angst of hair loss every day. If you suffer with thinning, balding, or shedding hair, rest assured you are not alone. Learn more about hair grafting and surgical hair restoration at the Hair Transplant Institute of Miami by calling our clinic directly at 305-925-0222.